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Label: Brilliant Classics
Cat No: 95943
Number of Discs: 20
Release Date: 11th September 2020
Others are scholarly reconstructions of concertos for what might well have been Bach’s originally intended instruments – versions that were subsequently lost to future generations. From 1729 Bach directed the Leipzig Collegium Musicum, an association consisting of students and musical citizens, and for his performances with them Bach needed to provide secular works. But his time was largely absorbed with writing sacred music for St Thomas’s Church in his role as Kantor. So Bach devised harpsichord concertos by adapting concertos he had originally written for other instruments. Musicologists believe that the seven works known today as Bach’s concertos for solo harpsichord were initially composed as violin or oboe concertos.
A third category included here might be called Bach transcriptions by 20th-century “giants”. The great Dutch harpsichordist Gustav Leonhardt arranged for the harpsichord various major works by Bach – five from solo violin works, three from solo cello suites and two movements from a partita for solo flute and a suite for solo lute respectively. These are classics of the arranger’s art, refined and thoroughly idiomatic.
The composer, conductor, teacher and virtuoso Ferruccio Busoni, a complex visionary figure of German-Italian ancestry, made a succession of masterly and sensitive piano adaptations of Bach’s works. Unlike Liszt, Tausig and others, who sought to simply imitate the organ in pianistic terms, Busoni achieves a kind of alchemy – the specific sound of an organ in a resonant church – by means of selective doubling, registration (octave placement on the keyboard), pedal and distribution.
Eugen d’Albert was born in Scotland to an English mother and a German-born father of French/Italian descent. In the early 1880s he settled in Germany, where he became one of Liszt’s greatest pupils. Acknowledged as one of the world’s outstanding virtuosi, he was also a prolific composer. His Bach arrangements are quite different from Busoni’s – more reticent, simpler, more economical and more closely aligned with those by Liszt.
The celebrated conductor Leopold Stokowski – who was an outstanding organist before he developed his conducting career – made rich, sometimes extravagant orchestral arrangements of many of his favourite Bach organ works, in order to introduce them to a different kind of audience. A grand, extrovert work such as the famous Toccata and Fugue in D minor might be judged the ideal music for Stokowski’s colourful treatment, while ‘Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland’ is most sensitively handled. Stokowski also arranged the so-called Air on the G string (from the Third Orchestral Suite), movements from cantatas, an aria from the St John Passion and a movement from the Harpsichord Concerto in D minor. His arrangements show deep understanding of the unlimited expressive power of the symphony orchestra.
CD 1: Goldberg Variations, BWV 988
- arr. María Martínez Ayerz for recorder quintet
CD 2-3: Sonatas & Partitas for Solo Violin, BWV 1001-1006
- arr. Francesco Teopini for guitar
CD 4-5: Cello Suites, BWV 1007-1012
- arr. Henk van Twillert for baritone saxophone
CD 6: Oboe Concertos (reconstructions)
- BWV 1053 & 1056 (oboe)
- BWV 1060 (oboe & violin)
- BWV 1055 & Cantata arias (oboe d’amore)
CD 7: Concertos for Recorder
- BWV 1053, 1055, 1059R & Cantata arias
CD 8: Violin Concertos, BWV 1041-1043
- transcr. Daniele Boccaccio for organ
CD 9: Trio Sonatas, BWV 525-530
- arr. for flauto d’amore/traverso & harpsichord
CD 10: Goldberg Variations, BWV 988
- arr. Dmitri Sitkovetsky for string trio
CD 11: Concerto reconstructions
- BWV 1052/146/188 (organ)
- BWV 35/1059 (harpsichord)
- BWV 1055 (viola da braccio)
- BWV 1064 (3 violins)
CD 12-13: Suites for Guitar
- BWV 995-999, 1000, 1004, 1006
CD 14-16: Sonatas, Partitas, Suites (transcr. Gustav Leonhardt for harpsichord)
- BWV 1001, 1002, 1004-1006, 1010-1012
CD 17-18: Piano Transcriptions by Busoni
- BWV 532, 533, 552, 564, 565, 1004 & 10 Chorale Preludes
CD 19: Piano Transcriptions by Eugen D’Albert
- BWV 532, 534, 536-538, 540, 541, 582
CD 20: Symphonic Transcriptions by Leopold Stokowski
- Air, ‘Sheep may safely graze’, ‘Little’ Fugue, Arioso, ‘Komm, süsser Tod’
- Chorale from Easter Cantata, ‘Es ist vollbracht’, Toccata & Fugue in D minor
- ‘Jesu, Joy of Man’s Desiring’, ‘Sleepers, awake!’ & other chorale preludes
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